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The National Centre for Genetic Resources and Biotechnology (NACGRAB) was established in 1987 by the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology (FMS&T) in to conduct research, gather data and disseminate technological information on matters relating to genetic resources conservation, utilization and biotechnology applications. The Centre, backed by Decree 33 of 1987 regulates the seed, livestock and fisheries industries through its Varietal Release Committees.



Exploration, collection, identification, evaluation, characterization, storage and conservation of rich stock of both animal and plant germplasm materials.
    Acquisition, maintenance, utilization, exchange and dissemination of information on genetic materials of plants, animals and microbes.
    National co–ordination of genetic resources programme and its sustainable utilization.
    Fostering relationship with other national satellite genetic research centres located in Research Institutes, Universities and Polytechnics as well as other International Organizations and Centres on programmes concerning genetic resources and biotechnology application.
    Coordinating the activities of the National Committee on Naming, Registration and Release of Crop Varieties, Livestock Breed and Fisheries.
    Arrest rapid erosion and loss in the country’s crop and animal genetic resources caused by cultivation, urbanization rural development, grazing, desertification, pest outbreak, national catastrophes etc.
    Document appropriately the germplasm stocks held by the centre, research institutes and relevant organizations.

The programmes of the Centre include:

    Conservation, preservation and maintenance of valuable plant and animal genetic resources, for immediate utilization and posterity;
    Development of animal genetic resources (poultry, snailry, fisheries etc).
    Application of tissue culture for plant conservation and overall agricultural development;
    Servicing of the activities of the National Committee on Naming, Registration and Release of Crops Varieties, Livestock Breed and Fisheries;
    Networking and coordinating activities in the development of capacities in plant and animal genetic resources.